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Islam, Moslem : Mohammad, Holy Koran, Qur´an, Mekka,  
Muslims   Heilige Koran, Koran Kaaba  

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IsLam  ,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrahamic_religion

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam  ,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_World

Islam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Islam (Arabic: الإسلام; al-islām (), "the peaceful submission to the will of God") is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the world's second-largest religion. Followers of Islam are known as Muslims. Muslims believe that God revealed his divine word directly to mankind through many prophets and that Muhammad was the final prophet of Islam.
 

Beliefs

The basis of Islamic belief is found in the shahādatān ("two testimonies", Arabic: لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله ): lā ilāhā illā-llāhu; muhammadur-rasūlu-llāhi—"There is no god but The God; Muhammad is the messenger of God." In order to become a Muslim, one needs to recite and believe in these statements under witness. One who wishes to convert must be truly willing, and must have given thought to the meaning of the shahāda before reciting the words and becoming a Muslim.

Muslims believe that God (or, in Arabic, Allāh; also in Aramaic Alaha) revealed his direct word for mankind to Muhammad(c. 570632) and other prophets, including Adam , Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Mainstream Muslims believe that Muhammad is the Last or the seal of the prophets. Thus, his preachings for humankind will last until Qiyamah (The Day of the Resurrection). Muslims assert that the main written record of revelation to humankind is the Qur'an (see below), which they believe to be flawless, immutable, and the final revelation of God to humanity. Muslims believe that parts of the Gospels, Torah and Jewish prophetic books have been forgotten, misinterpreted, incorrectly edited by humans, or distorted by their followers and thus their original message has been corrupted over time. With that perspective, Muslims view the Qur'an as a correction of Jewish and Christian scriptures, and a final revelation.

Muslims hold that Islam is essentially the same belief as that of all the messengers sent by God to mankind since Adam, with the Qur'an (the text agreed upon by all sects of the Muslim faith) codifying the final revelation of God. Islamic texts depict Judaism and Christianity as derivations of the teachings of the prophet Abraham and thus acknowledge common Abrahamic roots. The Qur'an calls Jews and Christians (and sometimes people of other faiths) "People of the Book."

Islām is described as a dīn, meaning "way of life" and/or "guidance".

Kaaba , the holiest site in Islam

Six articles of belief

There are six basic beliefs shared by all Muslims:

  1. Belief in God (Allah), the one and only one worthy of all worship (tawhid).
  2. Belief in all the prophets (nabi) and messengers (rasul) sent by God. (See Prophets of Islam)
  3. Belief in the books (kutub) sent by God:
    The Suhuf-i-Ibrahim (Scrolls of Abraham)
    The Tawrat sent to Musa (Moses)
    The Zabur sent to Daud (David)
    The Injil sent to Isa (Jesus)
    The Qur'an sent to Muhammad
  4. Belief in the Angels (mala'ika).
  5. Belief in the Day of Judgement (qiyama) and in the life after death (heaven and hell). (Note: Sometimes these articles are listed separately, thus resulting in 7 articles of faith.)
  6. Belief in Fate (predestination) (qadar)1

The Muslim creed in English:

"I testify that there is no god but Allah Almighty; and I testify that Muhammad),(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), is His Messenger."
"I believe in Allah; and in His Angels; and in His Scriptures; and in His Messengers; and in The Final Day; and in Fate, that All things are from Allah, and Resurrection after death be Truth.

 

 

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